DESCRIPTIVE WRITINGby Prabavathy N
1. phrases and adjectives which are used correctly, cleverly and portray the character/setting perfectly
2. 2. What does it entail? Before reading the file: It entails many descriptive words, adjectives, people, places and things. After reading the file: It should contain similes and metaphors; it should create vivid and original imagery: both mental pictures and emotional feelings. The most effective description is developed through careful choices of vocabulary - precise vocabulary; We should always try to avoid overuse of describing words; instead, we should work hard to choose a more precise word.Also, we should include carefully chosen precise verbs and nouns! We must create mental pictures by using original, vivid similes and metaphors to describe sights, sounds, feelings. symbolism, metaphor and irony. It would help to 'switch places' and for a momentreflect on becoming your own reader. When you read you like to be made to feel!
3. Group 1
3.1. 1. What in your opinion is Descriptive Writing?
3.1.1. - Before reading document: It is when a passage is written with such clarity that the reader is able to picture the whole scene described in his/her mind./ Basically, it involves all five senses within the writing itself, in order to involve the reader more into a real life scenario. - After reading document: It is when a passage is written such that the reader can imagine seeing, feeling, hearing, tasting and smelling whatever the writer is describing. It is also as if the writer is a human camera. Descriptive writing seems to be like a picture made of words, it does not tell you how food is delicious, instead it shows you how appetizing was the food.
3.2. 2. What does it entail?
3.2.1. - Before reading document: It entails a wide range and good use of vocabulary and adjectives. - After reading document: It entails precise vocabulary, not just adjectives and adverbs./ It entails very detailed and imagined scenarios which is linked to the five scenes from time to time, using very vivid descriptions and phrases, adding colour to the writing.
3.2.2. .- Before reading document: There is no story to be told in descriptive writing, but more of just providing vivid descriptions to a scene, object or a person. .- After reading document: It is when a passage is written involving more of their five senses, emphasizing more on a certain scenario or object while revealing the description of it without thinking of a storyline or most of the things happening around it.
3.3. 3. How is it different from other text types (e.g. expositions, formal letters) you have learnt?
3.3.1. Before Reading Document: Descriptive writing is a way for you to make the reader feel what you are feeling, not just a way of sharing information.
3.3.2. After reading document:
4. Group 7
4.1. Initial Thoughts
4.1.1. 1. Descriptive writing is just all about describing a particular scene vividly and the scene would be described in a detailed manner.
4.1.2. 2. It makes use of many suitable adjectives which describe places/people/things creatively and vividly
4.1.3. 3. Descriptive writing allows a writer to be more open-minded and to use colourful words while writers have to maintain a strict language flow in other text types. There are no limitations in descriptive writing, you can just let your imagination flow.
4.2. After in-depth reading
4.2.1. 1. Descriptive writing can be defined as “words of art”. They can allow you to “paint” a vivid picture of the setting in the reader’s mind and maybe even let them be part of the story. Descriptive writing coaxes the reader to not only enter but also become a part of the world the writer is trying to create. In other words, descriptive writing helps to connect the reader’s mind to the story he/she is reading.
4.2.2. 2. It involves artistic adjectives (aka “describing words”) which enhance a sentence, together with making precise use of all the five senses. Descriptive writing also focuses more on specific terms than abstract terms (such as bright vs. beautiful). The definition of "beautiful" will vary from person to person, but words like "bright" will not. The use of symbolism, metaphor and irony helps enhance the writing and facilitates stimulation.
4.2.3. 3. Descriptive writing gives one an opportunity to use colourful language and imagination and even the impossible can be made possible by the words you use. However, in other text types (eg. Formal letters) only certain type of words are strictly meant to be used.
5. Group 3
5.1. 1. What in your opinion is Descriptive Writing?
5.1.1. Before reading the file
18.104.22.168. Descriptive writing is a writing technique used to describe certain characters or scenes vividly with adjectives and verbs. Descriptive writing is a way of portray characters with more details and being precise with every detail.
5.1.2. After reading the file
22.214.171.124. Descriptive writing is a writing technique used to not only vividly describe a scene using adjectives and verbs, but to also convince readers of the qualities characters in the scene possess and to evoke certain emotions within a reader about the scene.
5.2. 2.What does it entail?
5.2.1. Before reading the file
126.96.36.199. Plenty of adjectives, adverbs and verbs complimented with good vocabulary. Similies, metapors, emotions and feelings
5.2.2. After reading the file
188.8.131.52. It entails the use of all five senses, methaphors, vivid similies and feelings. Making the reader feel as if he or she is looking at the scene through a camera and also has feelings like the characters within the scene.
5.3. 3. How is it different from other text types (e.g. expositions, formal letters) you have learnt?
5.3.1. Unlike expositions and formal letters where we have to write along a borderline. In descriptive writing, though we are only stuck to one scene we can use a wide range of metaphors, similies and make the overall essay be fun with the choice of words we have. I think in other text types, we have to focus more on grammar compared to the descriptions we add and vocabulary but in descriptive writing, we have to give equal importance to both.
6. Group 4
6.1. 1. What in your opinion is Descriptive Writing?
6.1.1. Initial thoughts
184.108.40.206. It is used to let readers feel and experience whatever is written. It generally describes whatever is happening to give the reader a better idea of the characters and setting.
6.1.2. After reading
220.127.116.11. It is used to allow readers to feel and experience the story through their own imagination so that the reader can have a panoramic view of the setting and activity. The correct use of vocabulary will enhance the reading experience of being in that person's shoes. This promotes greater understanding and the reader will become more interested in the text as it intrigues his/her senses. From the reader's perspective, it should be like a snapshot's view, where the reader is allowed to zoom in and out to scrutinise the setting and to experience it first-hand.
6.2. 2. What does it entail?
6.2.1. Initial thoughts
18.104.22.168. It entails similes, metaphors and complicated vocabulary to describe to the reader.
6.2.2. After reading
22.214.171.124. Mental pictures and emotional feelings etch an image into the readers' mind. It shows the reader, not just simply telling. For example, comparing "There is food on the table." and "The smell of the delicious Christmas spread enticed the children to the dining table". It uses adjectives, adverbs, vivid similes, metaphors, precise vocabulary (although not excessively), as well as the five senses of sight, sound, smell, taste and touch, to create that mental image.
6.3. 3. How is it different from other text types (e.g. expositions, formal letters) you have learnt?
6.3.1. Initial thoughts
126.96.36.199. For a descriptive writing, it lets the reader use his/her power of imagination to experience the setting. However, letters convey messages, expositions are informative, stories have a storyline, hence these are very different from descriptive.
6.3.2. Descriptive writing lets the reader paint a mental image with his/her own imagination. It involves the reader's five senses, unlike other text types.
7. Group 2
7.1. 1. What in your opinion is Descriptive Writing?
7.1.1. Before reading
188.8.131.52. Descriptive writing is a writing technique used to describe certain characters or scenes using adjectives and verbs.
7.1.2. After reading
184.108.40.206. Descriptive writing evokes emotion in a person through describing the characters and settings using similies and metaphors.
7.2. 2. What does it entail?
7.2.1. Before reading
220.127.116.11. many descriptive words and adjectives
7.2.2. After reading
18.104.22.168. all five senses, methaphors, vivid similies, feelings effective description is developed through careful choices of vocabulary. It enables the readers to picture, the entire scene and every movement and feeling of the character, in their minds. It is a better way to enable the readers to understand and be drawn to the story
7.3. 3. How is it different from other text types (e.g. expositions, formal letters) you have learnt?
7.3.1. Descriptive essays do not have formats and they focus more on describing the characters in the story.It enables the readers to picture, the entire scene and every movement and feeling of the character, in their minds. It is a better way to enable the readers to understand and be drawn to the story.
8. Group 8
8.1. 1. What in your opinion is Descriptive Writing? Initial thought : We think descriptive writing is writing a paragraph/pasage using descriptive words to describe the surroundings/people or the event happening. After reading through pdf file : Descriptive writing is characterized by sensory details, which appeal to the physical senses, and details that appeal to a reader’s emotional, physical, or intellectual sensibilities. Determining the purpose, considering the audience, creating a dominant impression, using descriptive language, and organizing the description are the rhetorical choices to be considered when using a description.
8.2. 2. What does it entail? Initial thought :It entitles many describing words (adjectives). Similes and metaphors are also forms of descriptive words. After reading the pdf file :Description uses tools such as denotative language, connotative language, figurative language, metaphor, and simile to arrive at a dominant impression. It entails precise vocabulary, original, vivid similes and metaphors to describe sights, sounds, feelings.
8.3. 3. How is it different from other text types (e.g. expositions, formal letters) you have learnt? Initial thought :It does not really have a story flow unlike a narrative writing. It is more of a focus on a certain event/person/surrounding. After reading the pdf file :
9.1. 1. What in your opinion is Descriptive Writing? Before reading the file: I think that descriptive writing means writing a passage with great details. After reading the file: It means to describe the events, people, and things in the story in order to show the reader and let the reader imagine what is happening in the story and hence understand the story more. Also, it means to convince the reader that something/someone/someplace is as such and to let the reader feel like he/she is having a real-life experience on the issue.
9.2. 3. How is it different from other text types (e.g. expositions, formal letters) you have learnt? Before reading the file: It is less general and focuses more on an event, person, place, or item. After reading the file: In writing to describe, your aim is not to tell a story, or even to 'be there' yourself within the writing; rather, it is to focus your 'camera' on details - close up and ultra-close up at times – to help your reader feel as if he or she were actually there, experiencing the thing being described.
10. Group 6
10.1. What in your opinion is Descriptive Writing?
10.1.1. Descriptive writing is painting the picture with words making it seem real
10.1.1.1. New node
10.1.2. After reading
10.1.2.1. Descriptive writing is painting a picture through using similies, metaphors, adjectives to evoke emotion as well as to vividly describe a setting or a character
10.2. 2. What does it entail?
10.3. 3. How is it different from other text types (e.g. expositions, formal letters) you have learnt?
10.3.1. Descriptive writing does not have a format and does not need to be factual. It is better to be imaginative, expressive and vivid instead.
11. New node
As descriptive essays are written to describe someone, something or an event in great detail, it is important that you use a good amount of descriptive words so that the reader will be able to able to clearly ‘see the picture’.
You should avoid using vague words (such as good, nice, wonderful). Instead you should be specific and use sensory descriptive words. Refer to the list below of sensory descriptive words.
Concrete vs. Abstract terms
Abstract terms refer to ideas or concepts that are intangible and not available to the senses meaning they are not things that you can see, hear, smell, taste or touch.
Examples of abstract language:
Take ‘love’ as an example – we cannot see it, hear it, smell it, taste it or touch it. Love is therefore intangible. It is a concept or feeling only.Concrete terms refer to ideas, objects or things that are available to the senses. Concrete terms are things that you can see, smell, touch, feel or hear.
When writing descriptive essays it is important for you to use concrete language rather than abstract language to communicate your ideas. This is because by using concrete language you are essentially giving the reader information that is easily understandable and relatable. In doing so what you are describing will become clearer to the reader.
Therefore, be sure to avoid using abstract language as it will make it more difficult for the readers to connect and understand your writing.
Similes and Metaphors
The main purpose of a descriptive essay is to provide readers enough details to allow them to visualise or connect with what you are writing. Similes and metaphors are very often incorporated into descriptive writing because they can help to communicate specific messages or ideas more effectively.
Simile – A figure of speech involving the comparison between two things that are generally not alike by using the words ‘like’ or ‘as’.
- He plays + like + a professional
2. as + adjective + as + noun
- She is as + tall + as + a giant
Examples of simile use in sentences:
- Life is like a box of chocolates, you never know what you’re going to get.
- His room is as smelly as my feet.
- You were as brave as a lion.
- Love is like a river. It’s a bumpy ride
Metaphor – A figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or to an action which is not literally applicable. A metaphor creates an image of feeling by making an interesting comparison between two things that at first appear unrelated.
Examples of metaphor use in sentences:
- The snow is a white blanket.
- Life is a roller coaster.
- She is a peacock.
- The boy’s room is a disaster area.
- Thomas is a shark.
Tips: Questions to ask yourself after completing your descriptive essay
- Is your essay logical, well-structured and easy to follow?
- Have you used a fair amount of descriptive words to describe your ideas or themes?
- Have you provided enough details or description to allow the reader to be grossly absorbed into your account?
- Does the word choice or the language you have used help the reader understand your topic?
- Will the reader be engaged by your essay? Is it interesting?
- Essay includes many specific and concrete details
- Range of vocabulary use
- Range of sentence structure
- Strong opening introduction
- Main body with details that support your main idea
- A strong conclusion to bring your essay to a close
- Uses transitions between sentences and paragraphs to unify ideas